Safaris and excursions are the most costly part of any journey to Africa, and this is why many tourists express their dissatisfaction with the high cost of traveling in this continent. Unlike Europe and the USA, infrastructure in Africa is limited, with no trains, buses or low-cost companies that travel regularly between different locations. Private operators are usually the ones dealing with transportation in most African countries for things like road transfers, charter flights and day trips. Additionally, there are limited airlines in Africa, making inter-African travel expensive.
In order to reduce your budget for a trip to Africa, you can opt for camping in the forest instead of staying in decent hotels. However, it is important to get some vaccines and medications before traveling to Africa in order to stay healthy during your trip. Malaria-free areas such as South Africa and Namibia depend on whether you're traveling during the rainy season or not. For a complete overview of the health precautions to be taken when traveling to Africa, check the NHS website, Fit for Travel and always consult your doctor.
Landing by land is a relatively inexpensive way to get around Africa if you don't want to travel alone. In this post I look at the advantages and disadvantages of this option. Overall, visiting Africa can be expensive compared to other travel destinations, but it's worth every penny. You'll be hard pressed to find a visitor who doesn't think so.