Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The country’s eastern border is formed by the Indian Ocean. Tanzania contains Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain.

Tanzania Country Information

Capital Dodoma
Largest city Dar es Salaam
Official languages

Swahili (de facto)

Demonym Tanzanian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
– President Jakaya Kikwete
– Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda
Legislature National Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
– Tanganyika 9 December 1961
– Zanzibar and Pemba 10 December 1963
– Merger 26 April 1964
– Total 945,203 km2 (31st)
364,898 sq mi
– Water (%) 6.2
– 2012 census 44,929,002 (medium)
HDI (2012) Increase 0.466 (low / 152nd)
Currency Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on the left
Calling code +255b
ISO 3166 code TZ
Internet TLD .tz

Tanzania Travel Guide

The Republic of Tanzania is a land of varying bio diversities, where the perpetual snows of Mount Kilimanjaro tower over the endless plains of the Serengeti, and a necklace of lakes and volcanic craters – including the Ngorongoro Crater – traces the line of the Great Rift Valley as it carves through the continent.

Tanzania, the gem of Africa, is the largest country in East Africa which, through national parks and reserves protects over 25% of its land (more than any other country in the continent). Safari options here are extremely varied; in fact the country three main safari regions: the wilderness areas of Northern Tanzania, the Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, Lake Manyara, and Tarangire, as well as Kilimanjaro; Southern Tanzania where the Selous Game Reserve and Ruaha National Park are home to Tanzania’s best walking safaris as well as one of the world’s largest populations of the highly endangered African wild dog; Western Tanzania with Mahale and Katavi, the remote parks combining the highlights of the biggest herds of animals as well as tracking chimpanzees through virgin rain forest on the shores of Lake Tanganyika.

The people of Tanzania are the country´s main asset, where modernity and tradition come often together, not always without conflict. Cultural tourism programs give visitors the opportunity to experience and understand the varied cultures of the country and are a frequent addition to any Tanzanian safari itinerary.

Should you then wish to relax on white sandy beaches, a fantastic way to end a wildlife safari or a demanding Kilimanjaro trek is to combine the trip with the pristine beaches and warm waters of the Zanzibar Archipelago on the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia.