Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa that is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Sierra Leone is a Constitutional Republic with a directly elected president and a Unicameral Legislature. The country has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests. The country covers a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and with an estimated population of 6 million (2011 United Nations estimate).

Sierra Leone is divided into four geographical regions: the Northern Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area; which are subdivided into fourteen districts. The districts have their own directly elected local government known as district council, headed by a council chairman.

Sierra Leone Country Information

Capital and largest city Freetown
8°29.067′N 13°14.067′W
Official languages English
Vernacular languages

Temne
Mende
Krio

Ethnic groups (2008)

35% Temne
31% Mende
8% Limba
5% Kono
2% Krio (Creole)
2% Mandingo
2% Loko
15% others

Demonym Sierra Leonean
Government Presidential constitutional republic
– President Ernest Bai Koroma (APC)
– Vice President Samuel Sam-Sumana (APC)
– Speaker of Parliament Abel Bankole Stronge (APC)
– Chief Justice Umu Hawa Tejan-Jalloh
Legislature Parliament
Independence
– from the United Kingdom 27 April 1961
– Republic declared 19 April 1971
Area
– Total 71,740 km2 (119th)
27,699 sq mi
– Water (%) 1.1
Population
– 2012 estimate 6 million
– Density 79.4/km2 (114tha)
205.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $5.093 billion
– Per capita $849
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $2.196 billion
– Per capita $366
Gini (2003) 62.9 (medium)
HDI (2011) Increase 0.336 (low / 180th)
Currency Leone (SLL)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the rightb
Calling code +232
ISO 3166 code SL
Internet TLD .sl