Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. It owes its name to the Sénégal River that borders it to the east and north. Senegal is externally bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau to the south; internally it almost completely surrounds the Gambia, namely on the north, east and south, except for Gambia’s short Atlantic coastline. Senegal covers a land area of almost 197,000 square kilometres (76,000 sq mi), and has an estimated population of about 13 million. The climate is tropical with two seasons: the dry season and the rainy season.


Senegal Flag

Senegal Country Information

Capital and largest city Dakar
14°40′N 17°25′W
Official languages French
Recognised regional languages

Wolof
Soninke
Serer
Fula
Maninka
Diola

Ethnic groups ( (67th)
– 2002 census 9,967,299
– Density 65.3/km2 (134th)
169.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $25.152 billion
– Per capita $1,871
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $14.461 billion
– Per capita $1,075
Gini (1995) 41.3 (medium)
HDI (2010) Increase 0.411 (low / 144th)
Currency CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone UTC
Drives on the right
Calling code +221
ISO 3166 code SN
Internet TLD .sn