Rwanda

Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda (Kinyarwanda: Repubulika y’u Rwanda; French: République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in central and east Africa. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. All of Rwanda is at high elevation, with a geography dominated by mountains in the west, savanna in the east, and numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons every year.

Rwanda Country Information

Capital and largest city Kigali
1°56.633′S 30°3.567′E

Official languages

Kinyarwanda
French
English

Ethnic groups

84% Hutu
15% Tutsi
1% Twa

Demonym

Rwandan
Rwandese

Government Unitary parliamentary
presidential republic
– President Paul Kagame
– Prime Minister Pierre Habumuremyi
Legislature Parliament
– Upper house Senate
– Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Independence
– from Belgium 1 July 1962
Area
– Total 26,338 km2 (149th)
10,169 sq mi
– Water (%) 5.3
Population
– July 2012 estimate 11,689,696 (73rd)
– 2002 census 8,162,715 (low / 166th)
Currency Rwandan franc (RWF)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +250
ISO 3166 code RW
Internet TLD .rw