Niger

Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger River. It borders Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Algeria and Libya to the north and Chad to the east. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2, making it the largest nation in West Africa, with over 80 percent of its land area covered by the Sahara desert. The country’s predominantly Islamic population of just above 15,000,000 is mostly clustered in the far south and west of the nation. The capital city is Niamey, located in the far-southwest corner of Niger.

Nigerian society reflects a diversity drawn from the long independent histories of its several ethnic groups and regions and their relatively short period living in a single state.

Niger Country Information

Capital
and largest city Niamey
13°32′N 2°05′E
Official languages French
National languages Hausa, Fulfulde, Gourmanchéma, Kanuri, Zarma, Tamasheq
Demonym Nigerien (/naɪdʒɪrɪˈɛn/ or /niːˈʒɛəriən/) (63rd)
– 2001 census 10,790,352
– Density 12.1/km2
31.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $11.632 billion
– Per capita $771
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $6.022 billion
– Per capita $399
Gini (1995) 50.5 (high
HDI (2011) Increase 0.295 (low / 186th)
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on the right
Calling code 227
ISO 3166 code NE
Internet TLD .ne