Mozambique

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique, is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. The capital city is Maputo, (known as Lourenço Marques before Independence).

Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country’s economy is based largely on agriculture, but with industry, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, aluminium and petroleum production, is growing fast. The country’s tourism sector is also growing. South Africa is Mozambique’s main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment. Portugal, Spain and Belgium are also among the country’s most important partners

Mozambique Country Information

Capital and largest city Maputo
25°57′S 32°35′E
Official languages Portuguese
Vernacular languages

Swahili
Makhuwa
Sena

Ethnic groups

99.66% Africana
0.20% Euro-Africans
0.08% Indians
0.06% Europeans

Demonym Mozambican
Government Presidential republic
– President Armando Guebuza
– Prime Minister Alberto Vaquina
Legislature Assembly of the Republic
Independence
– from Portugal June 25, 1975
Area
– Total 801,590 km2 (35th)
309,496 sq mi
– Water (%) 2.2
Population
– 2009 estimate 22,894,000 (54th)
– 2007 census 21,397,000 (52nd)
– Density 28.7/km2 (178th)
74.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $23.886 billion
– Per capita $1,085
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $12.827 billion
– Per capita $582
Gini (1996–7) 39.6 (medium)
HDI (2011) Steady 0.322 (low / 184th)
Currency Mozambican metical (MZN)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
Calling code +258
ISO 3166 code MZ
Internet TLD .mz