Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is bordered by Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west. Its size is just over 1,240,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) with a population of 14.5 million. Its capital is Bamako.

Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara, while the country’s southern part, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Sénégal rivers. The country’s economic structure centers on agriculture and fishing.

Mali Flag

Mali Country Information

Capital and largest city Bamako
12°39′N 8°0′W
Official languages French
Vernacular languages Bambara
Ethnic groups

50% Mande
17% Fula
12% Voltaic (Senufo / Bwa)
10% Tuareg / Moor
6% Songhai
5% other

Demonym Malian
Government Unitary semi-presidential
republic
– Acting President Dioncounda Traoré
– Acting Prime Minister Django Sissoko
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
– from Francea 20 June 1960
– as Mali 22 September 1960
Area
– Total 1,240,192 km2 (24th)
478,839 sq mi
– Water (%) 1.6
Population
– April 2009 census 14,517,176 (67th)
– Density 11.7/km2 (215th)
30.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $17.872 billion
– Per capita $1,127
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $10.600 billion
– Per capita $668
Gini (2001) 40.1 (medium)
HDI (2007) Increase 0.371 (low / 178th)
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+0)
Drives on the right
Calling code +223
ISO 3166 code ML
Internet TLD .ml