Liberia

Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country in West Africa bordered by Sierra Leone to its west, Guinea to its north and Côte d’Ivoire to its east. It covers an area of 111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi) and is home to about 3.7 million people. English is the official language and over thirty indigenous languages are also spoken within the country. Its coastline is composed mostly of mangroves, while its more sparsely populated inland consists of forests opening onto a plateau of drier grasslands. The climate is hot and equatorial, with significant rainfall during the May–October rainy season and harsh harmattan winds the remainder of the year. The country possesses about forty percent of the remaining Upper Guinean rain forest.

Liberia Country Information

Capital and largest city Monrovia
6°19′N 10°48′W
Official languages English
Ethnic groups (2008)

20.3% Kpelle
13.4% Bassa
10.0% Grebo
8.0% Gio
7.9% Mano
6.0% Kru
5.1% Lorma
4.8% Kissi
4.4% Gola
20.1% others

Demonym Liberian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
– President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
– Vice President Joseph Boakai
– Speaker of the House Alex J. Tyler
– Chief Justice Johnnie Lewis
Legislature Legislature of Liberia
– Upper house Senate
– Lower house House of Representatives
Establishment
– Established by the American Colonization Society 1822
– Independence 26 July 1847
– Current constitution 6 January 1986
Area
– Total 111,369 km2 (103rd)
43,000 sq mi
– Water (%) 13.514
Population
– 2011 estimate 4,128,572
– 2008 census 3,476,608 (130th)
– Density 35.5/km2 (180th)
92.0/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $1.769 billion
– Per capita $456
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $1.154 billion
– Per capita $297
HDI (2011) Increase 0.329 (low / 182nd)
Currency Liberian dollara (LRD)
Time zone GMT
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)
Drives on the right
Calling code +231
ISO 3166 code LR
Internet TLD .lr