Lesotho, officially the Kingdom of Lesotho, is a landlocked country and enclave, completely surrounded by its only neighbouring country, the Republic of South Africa. It is just over 30,000 km2 (11,583 sq mi) in size with a population of approximately 2,067,000. Its capital and largest city is Maseru. Lesotho is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The name Lesotho translates roughly into the land of the people who speak Sesotho.

Lesotho Country Information

Capital and largest city Maseru
29°28′S 27°56′E
Official languages


Ethnic groups

99.7% Sotho
0.3% other Africans


Mosotho (singular)
Basotho (plural)

Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
– King Letsie III
– Prime Minister Tom Thabane
Legislature Parliament
– Upper house Senate
– Lower house National Assembly
– from the United Kingdom October 4, 1966
– Total 30,355 km2 (140th)
12,727 sq mi
– Water (%) negligible
– 2009 estimate 2,067,000 (144th)
– 2004 census 2,031,348
– Density 68.1/km2 (138th)
162.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $3.804 billion (low / 141st)
Currency Lesotho loti (LSL)
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
Calling code +266
ISO 3166 code LS
Internet TLD .ls