Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa that lies on the equator. With the Indian Ocean to its south-east, it is bordered by Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya has a land area of 580,000 km2 and a population of a little over 43 million residents. The country is named after Mount Kenya, a significant landmark and second among Africa’s highest mountain peaks. Its capital and largest city is Nairobi.

Kenya has a warm and humid climate along its coastline on the Indian Ocean, which changes to wildlife-rich savannah grasslands moving inland towards the capital. Nairobi has a cool climate that gets colder approaching Mount Kenya, which has three permanently snow-capped peaks. The warm and humid tropical climate reappears further inland towards lake Victoria, before giving way to temperate forested and hilly areas in the western region.

Kenya Country Information

Capital and largest city Nairobi
1°16′S 36°48′E
Official languages

Swahili
English

Ethnic groups

22% Kikuyu
14% Luhya
13% Luo
12% Kalenjin
11% Kamba
6% Kisii
6% Meru
15% other African
1% non-African

Demonym Kenyan
Government Semi-presidential republic
– President Mwai Kibaki
– Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka
– Prime Minister Raila Odinga
– National Assembly Speaker Kenneth Marende
– Chief Justice Willy Munyoki Mutunga
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
– from the United Kingdom 12 December 1963
– Republic declared 12 December 1964
Area
– Total 580,367 km2 (47th)
224,080 sq mi
– Water (%) 2.3
Population
– 2012 estimate 43,013,341 (31st)
– 2009 census 38,610,097 (low / 143rd)
Currency Kenyan shilling (KES)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yy (AD)
Drives on the left
Calling code +254
ISO 3166 code KE
Internet TLD .ke