Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa that lies on the equator. With the Indian Ocean to its south-east, it is bordered by Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya has a land area of 580,000 km2 and a population of a little over 43 million residents. The country is named after Mount Kenya, a significant landmark and second among Africa’s highest mountain peaks. Its capital and largest city is Nairobi.

Kenya has a warm and humid climate along its coastline on the Indian Ocean, which changes to wildlife-rich savannah grasslands moving inland towards the capital. Nairobi has a cool climate that gets colder approaching Mount Kenya, which has three permanently snow-capped peaks. The warm and humid tropical climate reappears further inland towards lake Victoria, before giving way to temperate forested and hilly areas in the western region.

Kenya Country Information

Capital and largest city Nairobi
1°16′S 36°48′E
Official languages

Swahili
English

Ethnic groups

22% Kikuyu
14% Luhya
13% Luo
12% Kalenjin
11% Kamba
6% Kisii
6% Meru
15% other African
1% non-African

Demonym Kenyan
Government Semi-presidential republic
– President Mwai Kibaki
– Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka
– Prime Minister Raila Odinga
– National Assembly Speaker Kenneth Marende
– Chief Justice Willy Munyoki Mutunga
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
– from the United Kingdom 12 December 1963
– Republic declared 12 December 1964
Area
– Total 580,367 km2 (47th)
224,080 sq mi
– Water (%) 2.3
Population
– 2012 estimate 43,013,341 (31st)
– 2009 census 38,610,097 (low / 143rd)
Currency Kenyan shilling (KES)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yy (AD)
Drives on the left
Calling code +254
ISO 3166 code KE
Internet TLD .ke

Kenya Travel Guide

Kenya is one of the most sought after travel destinations in East Africa. Boasting some of the best game reserves in the region and a uniquely wide array of game life, Kenya offers its visitors unforgettable African safari experience. A safari in Kenya is indeed very rewarding and it guarantees you a chance to see the Big 5 – buffalo, leopard, lion, rhino and elephant.

Lake Turkana, the largest desert lake in the world is the main attraction in the arid northeastern region of Kenya. Enclosed by lava beds and extinct volcanoes, Lake Turkana is adjacent to the Kenya-Ethiopia border and has an interesting history. Koobi Fora in the Sibiloi National Park on the northeastern shores of the lake is often referred to as the cradle of mankind. The site is a literal hotbed for fossils including a three million year old giant turtle and the remains of a three million year old hominid. The region is ideal for bird watching, fishing as well as other water sports.

You will not regret having your holiday vacations here in Kenya where you will visit the Indian Ocean Beach. Here you can choose to visit the remote Indian Ocean beach which is far from human contact with the boat or airplane being the only means of transport. The Indian Ocean is a popular beach with plenty of sun, white sand beaches and food. You will have fun swimming in the salty water sea that is devoid of refuse. Visit Mombasa town to see Fort Jesus, the oldest building which was built by the Portuguese. Swahili is the language which is commonly used in Mombasa. I’m sure you will learn a few words.

The Lake Bogoria and Lake Baringo are also on the floor of the Rift Valley. L. Bogoria is famous for the geysers and various bird species. Further south and you are at the Aberdare Ranges. Aberdares National Park is hone to the elephants and other animals. It is a place where you will enjoy night game viewing at the comfort of your balcony.

The Amboseli National reserve and Tsavo National Park, situated further south of Kenya are also quite fascinating. The Amboseli offers endless views of the African grassland only disrupted by the snowcapped peak of Mount Kilimanjaro – the highest peak in Africa. The national park is famous for its large herds of elephants. On its part, Tsavo is the largest national park in Kenya and it hosts more than 60 mammal species and close to 1000 plant species. The national park is a perfect safari destination for those on holiday at the Kenyan coast. Most international visitors access Kenya by air mainly through Jomo Kenyatta and Mombasa international airports. Jomo Kenyatta International airport in Nairobi, situated some 20 km outside the city centre, is best for visitors who want to go on safari around the country. Passports valid for 3 months from date of entry are required of all visitors. In addition, all visitors are also required to have a visa except for citizens for citizens of some commonwealth countries.