Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic (French: République Gabonaise) is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean’s Gulf of Guinea to the west. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 1.5 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville.


Gabon Country Information

Capital
and largest city Libreville
0°23′N 9°27′E
Official languages French
Vernacular languages

Fang
Myene

Ethnic groups (2000)

28.6% Fang
10.2% Punu
8.9% Nzebi
6.7% French
4.1% Mpongwe
154,000 othera

Demonym

Gabonese
Gabonaise

Government Presidential republic
– President Ali Bongo Ondimba
Legislature Parliament
– Upper house Senate
– Lower house National Assembly
Independence
– from France August 17, 1960
Area
– Total 267,667 km2 (76th)
103,347 sq mi
– Water (%) 3.76%
Population
– 2009 estimate 1,475,000 (150th)
– Density 5.5/km2 (216th)
14.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $24.571 billion (medium / 93rd)
Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on the right
Calling code +241
ISO 3166 code GA
Internet TLD .ga