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Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa that is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Sierra Leone is a Constitutional Republic with a directly elected president and a Unicameral Legislature. The country has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests. The country covers a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and with an estimated population of 6 million (2011 United Nations estimate).

Sierra Leone is divided into four geographical regions: the Northern Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area; which are subdivided into fourteen districts. The districts have their own directly elected local government known as district council, headed by a council chairman.

Sierra Leone Flag

Sierra Leone Country Information

Capital and largest city Freetown
8°29.067′N 13°14.067′W
Official languages English
Vernacular languages


Ethnic groups (2008)

35% Temne
31% Mende
8% Limba
5% Kono
2% Krio (Creole)
2% Mandingo
2% Loko
15% others

Demonym Sierra Leonean
Government Presidential constitutional republic
- President Ernest Bai Koroma (APC)
- Vice President Samuel Sam-Sumana (APC)
- Speaker of Parliament Abel Bankole Stronge (APC)
- Chief Justice Umu Hawa Tejan-Jalloh
Legislature Parliament
- from the United Kingdom 27 April 1961
- Republic declared 19 April 1971
- Total 71,740 km2 (119th)
27,699 sq mi
- Water (%) 1.1
- 2012 estimate 6 million
- Density 79.4/km2 (114tha)
205.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
- Total $5.093 billion
- Per capita $849
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
- Total $2.196 billion
- Per capita $366
Gini (2003) 62.9 (medium)
HDI (2011) Increase 0.336 (low / 180th)
Currency Leone (SLL)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the rightb
Calling code +232
ISO 3166 code SL
Internet TLD .sl


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Back to the Basics of Safari

Safari in Swahili primarily means "journey", normally pertaining to hunting for survival and exploration of lands that may be turned into communities by the local tribes. However, in the modern sense, safari seems to have changed its meaning into discovery and adventure amidst wildlife and nature and the habitats of animals, birds, plant species that thrive in the vast pieces of land. The most common form of safariing is taken by means of walking which are designed specifically for hardy people. Hardy are the natives here and so they were adopted to the forms of living. They maintain walking trails that explorers use until these days. More travel tips about Back to the Basics of Safari

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