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Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is the Italian form of the Greek name, meaning "red ". With its capital at Asmara, it is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.

Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups. It has a population of around six million inhabitants. Most residents speak Afro-Asiatic languages, either of the Semitic or Cushitic branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinya make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity and Islam.


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Eritrea Country Information

Capital
and largest city Asmara
15°20′N 38°55′E
Official languages

Tigrinya
Arabic
English

Ethnic groups (2012)

55% Tigrinya
30% Tigre
4% Saho
2% Kunama
2% Rashaida
2% Bilen
5% othersa

Demonym Eritrean
Government Single-party presidential republic
- President Isaias Afewerki
Legislature National Assembly
Independence from Ethiopia
- End of Italian Eritrea November 1941
- End of United Kingdom mandate 1951
- De facto Ethiopian independence 24 May 1991
- De jure Ethiopian independence 24 May 1993
Area
- Total 117,600 km2 (101th)
45,405 sq mi
- Water (%) 0.14%
Population
- 2012 estimate 6,086,495 (107th)
- 2008 census 5,291,370
- Density 51.8/km2 (154th)
111.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
- Total $4.397 billion
- Per capita $777
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
- Total $3.108 billion
- Per capita $549
HDI (2011) Steady 0.349 (low / 177th)
Currency Nakfa (ERN)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
- Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code 291
ISO 3166 code ER
Internet TLD .er

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